Boyacá is located in northeastern Colombia on the eastern mountain range, 130 kilometers (81 miles) from Bogotá. It is for this reason a department (province) whit mane advantages as it possesses a diversity of climate and flora an fauna due to the influence of the Magdalena river valley, the mountain range, the Cundinamarca – Boyacá planteau and the plans foothills the climate ranges from temperatures of 35o C (95o F) in Puerto Boyacá in the west of the department to temperatures below 0o C (32o F) on the Nevado del Guicán or the Nevado del Cocuy (mountains whit perpetual snows) in the north, with warm and cool climates in – between.
The Department is bathed by the Magdalena, Chicamocha, Cusiana, Garagoa, Upía and AraucaRivers. It also has the lakes Tota and Fuquene and the Iguaque lake wildlife sanctuary, where splendid landscapes can by enjoyed.
Boyacá’s history includes extremely important milestones in the construction of the country starting in the pre - Colombia period and continuing during colonial and republican times. Before the arrival of the Spaniards, this region was inhabited by the Muisca Indians, but during the colonial period Iberian traditions were established whit greater influence than the native ones, ultimately eliminating the original culture of the plateau.
Boyacá owes its name to the historic site where the colonists won their final victory on August 7, 1819.